Citing Online Sources

Always check with your teacher for the preferred citation formats.

EMAIL Structure:
Sender of email message . Subject line of the message. Date of message (day, month, year). Email recipient.

Example:
Meredith, Paige . "RE: Museums in Paris." 17 August 2001. Christine Borror .


WORLD WIDE WEB Structure:
Author or originator. Title of item. [Online] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL.

Example: U.S. Census Bureau. "American FactFinder: Facts About My Community." [Online] 17 August 2001. .


ONLINE IMAGES Structure:

Author or originator. Description or title of image. [Online image] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL.

Example:
USGS. "Map: Major Volcanoes in Ecuador." [Online image] 17 August 2001. .


ONLINE SOUNDS Structure:

Author or originator. Description or title of sound. [Online sound] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL.

Example:
Jussi Bjorling Home Page. "Di quella pira," aria from Il Travatore, by Guiseppe Verdi. [Online sound] 30 November 1999. .


ONLINE VIDEO CLIPS Structure:
Author or originator. Description or title of video clip. [Online video clip] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL

Example:
Zoological Society of San Diego. "Indian Rhino Calf Born at Park," e-zoo videos, San Diego Zoo. [Online video clip] 17 August 2001. .

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Structure:

Author or originator. Title of item. [Online] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL

Example:
Oppenheimer, Frank. "Exhibit Collection and Design at the San Francisco Exploratorium Museum." [Online] 1 December 1999. .


USENET NEWSGROUPS Structure:

Author or originator. Title of item. [Online] Date of document or download (day, month, year). URL

Example:
Google Groups. "Plato's Real Name." [Online] 17 August 2001. .


CITATION SOURCES

American Psychological Association. APA Style of Citation: Electronic Sources. [Online] 16 August 2001.

Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 5th ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 1999.

McCullen, Carolyn. "The Electronic Thread," Middle Ground Oct. 1999: 7-9 and 52. .

The author of the above information is Classroom Connect
www.classroom.com (800) 638-1639)